Kazakhstan’s extreme continental climate makes for large seasonal variations, with hot summers and cold winters. The large size of the country makes for big regional variations too. Generally speaking, the northern regions are at least a few degrees colder than the south. One needs to take into account the matter of weather and climate and season of year when travelling to Kazakhstan.
Almaty in particular and Kazakhstan in general are safe and civil when it comes to the state of society and law. So it is more than okay to travel around the country by themselves. Altho some parts of the country and outer parts of some big cities are not recommended to be visited.