Along Kurmangazy street there is a vast orange (or yellow) bulk of the Academy of Sciences building, constructed in the 1950s and apparently accommodating some 89 000 sq meters of floorspace. The ensemble was built by Japanese prisoners of war after WWII. As for the fate of the soldiers, they are said to be gone back to Japan partly and died here in Kazakhstan. The building houses the Central Scientific Library, Museum of Nature and other culturally important institutions.
If one has a look at Soviet history, the Bolsheviks started such endeavours immediately after the finish of Civil War as an attempt to enlighten the masses. So such Academies can be found all across the former Soviet camp. Our Academy is one of the symbolic buildings in Almaty and Kazakhstan.